Have you ever wondered what is the heaviest metal existing on earth? Then you have come across the right article to read.
Metal is almost an everyday sight and everyday use to us human beings; it is everywhere around us, with us and in rare cases, within us. How do we define metal then? It is actually an element, compound or alloy which is technically a good conductor of electricity and heat. They are these shiny, malleable, and ductile objects that we often times use on different things and occasion. But take note, the meaning of ‘metal’ differs depending on various communities.
Like woods, these have different special uses and it very well depends on what you are going to make out of it and as to what kind of metal you should make use to produce such.
There are four major metal elements and a couple of alloys, which are formed through melting and mixing two or more of them together, which is mostly more useful and helpful. One of them is ‘iron’, which we pretty much understand as the most useful ones we have. Pure iron should be of the shade of silvery color and it is very tenacious which means it is really tough; it is malleable that is could be hammered without totally destroying or cracking it, and most of all, iron is ductile that it can be drawn out into a wire without actually breaking it. Next is ‘tin’, which is a white kind that looks very much like a silver color. Tin is also malleable that it can be hammered into thin sheets in which we know as tin-foil. Next is ‘zinc’, which is a bluish white metal. Though it is usually found in a pure state, zinc is usually found in combination with other elements. ‘Lead’ is also one of the five major elements. It is the softest known metal which has a bluish-gray color. Lead is very heavy and melts at a low temperature. And so, what is the heaviest metal on earth?
Osmium, which has a chemical symbol of Os and an atomic number of 76, is a hard brittle that is bluish-white transition metal in the platinum family. Also, osmium is the densest naturally occurring element, with a density of 22.58g/cm3. Osmium, in nature is an alloy that is usually found on platinum ores. It is the kind that is employed in fountain pen tips, electrical contacts and other applications where extreme durability and hardness are needed. It was discovered in 1803 by Smithson Tennant and William Hyde Wollaston in London, England. Of course, its discovery is intertwined with that of platinum and other metals of the platinum family. According to reviews, critics and facts, ‘osmium’ is the heaviest known metal on earth.
As of today, osmium is obtained commercially as a by-product from nickel and copper mining and processing. Even though osmium is the least abundant stable element on Earth’s crust, people still strive to find one because of its hardness and durability that is pretty much needed and various products and items.